Word processing supports a variety of instructional and administrative techniques.
Roblyer & Doering (2013) note that a "teacher can use [word processing] to support any directed instruction of constructionist activity." ( pg. 116) This versatility allows word processing to be utilized across a wide variety of subjects, allowing for flexible templates that can be shared by teachers across disciplines. Additionally, word processing saves time for teachers by allowing materials to be modified instead of created from scratch which helps when it comes to correcting errors and conducting rewrites (Roblyer & Doering, 2013, pg. 116)
Spreadsheet software is more limited in its
application but is no less useful. According to Roblyer & Doering (2013), "Teachers use them primarily to keep budgets and gradebooks and to help teach mathematical topics." ( pg. 122) This emphasis on numerical data gives spreadsheet software a focus that word processors and presenters sometimes lack. Roblyer & Doering (2013) also note that spreadsheets are excellent tools for projecting hypothetical, or "what if," scenarios. ( pg. 122) By plugging data into various cells, teachers are able to project tangible quantities like future grades or potential expenses.
Presenters, like PowerPoint, are "designed to display information, including text, images, audio, and video, in a slideshow format." (Roblyer & Doering, 2003,
pg. 128) This type of software is excellent for organizing lectures and increasing the impact of oral instruction. It also offers students versatility when it comes to their own assignments, as presenters are generally fairly user-friendly and have a sizeable suite of tools available for the organization of information. However, some studies have shown that presenters may have little to no positive effect on a classroom. ( Roblyer & Doering, 2003, pg. 128)
Additional Classroom Options for PowerPoint: